Research Article

Quality of Sleep and Insomny Violence in University Students in the Period of COVID-19

10.37696/nkmj.752847

  • Selen İLHAN ALP
  • Meral DEVECİ
  • Berna ERDAL
  • Ramadan Bilgin AKALIN
  • Demet TERZİ

Received Date: 15.06.2020 Accepted Date: 06.10.2020 Nam Kem Med J 2020;8(3):295-302

Aim:

To determine the sleep quality and insomnia severity of university students and the factors affecting them during the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) process.

Materials and Methods:

Our study was conducted by e-mail using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) between 15 March and 31 May 2020 at our university's Health Services Vocational School.

Results:

446 (414 F, 32 M) students participated in the study. Participants' mean time to fall asleep is 26.19 ± 22 minutes, and their average sleep time is 7.98 ± 2.10 hours. PSQI total score average is 15.69 ± 2.96. The mean PSS score was determined as 30.94 ± 8.46. The mean ISI score is 10.87 ± 5.35 and its level is above the lower threshold. It is observed that the group with the curfew has a lower severity of insomnia than the group without it. Sleep quality and perceived stress differ according to alcohol use, but insomnia severity does not differ. It has been found that those who consume more than 2 cups of coffee a day have the worst sleep quality and the highest severity of insomnia. It was found that the participants who did not exercise at all and those who spent 3 hours or more a day on social media had the highest perceived stress level.

Conclusion:

It is seen that measures applied as staying at home during the COVID-19 pandemic have a negative effect on sleep health.

Keywords: COVID-19, insomni, pittsburgh sleep quality index, perceived stress level